Shear and Flexural Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Deep Beams Strengthened with CFRP Composites

  •  Hana Al-Ghanem    
  •  Aya Al-Asi    
  •  Mu’tasim Abdel-Jaber    
  •  Maha Alqam    


The current research studies the shear and flexural behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) deep beams strengthened with externally bonded carbon fiber-reinforced polymers (CFRP). Using two types of CFRP composites including sheets and laminates, different configurations for shear and flexural strengthening of deep beams were experimentally investigated. In total, twenty specimens of deep beams with cross-sectional dimensions of 190 mm width, 400 mm depth and an overall length of 1 900 mm were casted and tested to failure. Concerning the cracks’ formation, failure’s modes, ultimate strength and overall stiffness, the performance of the strengthened beams compared to the control beams were evaluated. From the test results, the effectiveness of CFRP technique on enhancing both the shear and flexural capacity of deep beams is verified; however, the efficiency differs variedly depending on the material and the strengthening scheme. Regarding the shear strengthening, using the continuous wrap of two sheets records the highest increase in the ultimate strength with a value exceeds 86% compared only to 36% with the inclined laminates. On the other hand, an enhancement of about 51% is achieved through the flexural strengthening with two layers of sheets and 26% when the laminates are used; both are accompanied by a divergent in the failure mode from flexure to shear. 

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