Unsupervised Learning Framework for Customer Requisition and Behavioral Pattern Classification

  •  Udoinyang G. Inyang    
  •  Okure O. Obot    
  •  Moses E. Ekpenyong    
  •  Aliu M. Bolanle    


Maintaining healthy organization-customers relationship has positive influence on customers’ behavioral tendencies as regards preference to products and services, buying behavior, loyalty, satisfaction, and so on. To achieve this, an in-depth analysis of customers’ characteristics and purchasing behavioral trend is required. This paper proposes a hybrid unsupervised learning framework consisting of k-means algorithm and self-organizing maps (SOMs) for customer segmentation and behavior analysis. K-means algorithm was used to partition the entire input space of customers’ transaction dataset into 3 and 4 disjoint segments based on customers’ frequency (F) and monetary value (MV). SOM provided visualization of the underlying clusters and discovered customers’ relationships in the dataset. Interaction of F and MV clusters resulted in 12 sub-clusters. An in-depth analysis of each sub-cluster was also performed and appropriate customer relationship management (CRM) strategies established for each sub-cluster. Discovered knowledge will guide effective allocation of resources to each customer cluster and other organizational decision support functions much required by CRM systems.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.