Engine Manifold Wave Action under Variable Stroke Length

  •  Jehad Yamin    


A theoretical investigation on the pressure wave action of the manifolds of a four-stroke, direct injection (hereinafter referred to as DI), water-cooled, 4-stroke, diesel engine with variable stroke length was carried out.  The study was conducted over wide range of speeds (1000 - 3000 RPM at an increment of 500 RPM) and stroke lengths (130 mm to 210 mm at an increment of 20mm). The compression ratio was kept constant by adjusting the piston bowl volume. The study showed that shorter stroke lengths created favorable pressure waves in both inlet and exhaust manifolds at lower speeds, which resulted in improved engine volumetric and thermal efficiencies. At higher speeds, the larger strokes were favorable, however, due to less time available for the suction and exhaust strokes to be executed, the efficiencies were low. Advancing valve timing was one factor that improved the engine performance with larger stroke lengths.

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