Soil Probabilistic Slope Stability Analysis Using Stochastic Finite Difference Method

  •  Mohamadbagher Effati Daryani    
  •  Hadi Bahadori    
  •  Khalil Effati Daryani    


The paper contrasts results obtained by the partially factored limit state design method and a more advanced Random Finite Difference Method (RFDM) in a benchmark problem of slope stability analysis with variable undrained shear strength. Local Average Subdivision method was used to simulate the non-Gaussian random variables. The key difference between the methods is that RFDM takes into account spatial variability of soil parameters allowing slope failure to occur naturally along the path of least resistance. The probabilistic method leads to predictions of the "probability of slope failure" as opposed to the more traditional "factor of safety" measure of slope safety in the limit state design method; however, they give significant different results depending on the level of the variability. Analyses conducted using Monte Carlo Simulation show that the same partial factor can have very different levels of risk depending on the degree of uncertainty of the mean value of the soil shear strength. Calibration studies show the partial factor necessary to achieve target probability values.

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