Geometric Parameters and Behavior Factor of Knee-Braced Steel Frames Using Nonlinear Static Pushover (NSP) Analyses

  •  Majid Anoushehei    
  •  Farhad Daneshjoo    


During the recent years, the new knee-braced frame (KBF) system has been interested to achieve a proper seismic behavior. Briefly introducing KBF, the present study evaluates the geometric parameters and behavior factor of multi-story knee-braced steel frames. The studied models include three-, five- and eight-story steel CBFs, EBFs and KBFs. Using linear static analyses, the present study evaluates lateral stiffness of knee-braced frames and plots their co-stiffness curves. Using co-stiffness curves, then, the best range is determined for geometric parameters of KBFs to achieve the proper stiffness. In addition, ductility-related seismic force reduction factor (Rμ), incremental resistance coefficient (RS), and behavior factor (R) are calculated for the frames using incremental nonlinear static analyses, and compared with the corresponding concentric and eccentric frames.

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