Comparison of the Adhesive Performances of Soy Meal, Water Washed Meal Fractions, and Protein Isolates

  •  Zhongqi He    
  •  Dorselyn C. Chapital    
  •  H. N. Cheng    


Adhesive bonding of wood plays an increasing role in the forest products industry and is a key factor for efficiently utilizing timber and other lignocellulosic resources. In this work, we obtained five soy meal products through commercial sources or in-house preparations. The protein content was 49.6%, 56.9%, 66.2%, 86.3%, and 91.9% for untreated defatted soy meal, pH 8.5 water washed meal, neutral water washed meal, commercial protein isolate, and in-house prepared protein isolate. The adhesive performances measured by the maximal dry and soaked shear strength of the bonded maple veneers at break were not exactly in the same order of the protein content, indicating that other components (e.g. carbohydrates, metals) might also have played certain roles in the adhesive ability of these products. Data at two press temperatures (i. e. 100, and 130 oC) with or without the addition of tung oil revealed that water washed soy meals behaved more like untreated meal than soy protein isolates. This observation is different from a recent report on the effect of water washing on cottonseed meal products. Thus, further elucidation of the mechanisms or causes of the differing effects of water washing would shed light on the adhesive mechanisms of the two types of oilseed meal materials, thus optimizing use of these materials and their fractions for wood bonding.

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