Simulation and Control of Doubly Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) Used in Wind Turbines by Using Genetic Algorithm

  •  Mohammad Satkin    


Wind energy is one of the extraordinary sources of renewable energy due to its clean character and free availability. With increase in wind power penetration, the wind farms are directly influencing the power systems. The majority of wind farms are using variable speed wind turbines equipped with doubly fed induction generators (DFIG) due to their advantages over other wind turbine generators (WTGs). Therefore, the analysis of wind power dynamics with the DFIG wind turbines has become a very important research issue, especially during transient faults. In this article, a controller is provided to control the active and reactive power of a wind system equipped with doubly fed induction generator. The generator is connected to the grid by a back to back converter that gets benefit from control system known as single periodic controller. Grid and generator side converters respectively control the generator speed and reactive power using proposed controller. In order to increase the accuracy of controller, we optimized its PI parameters using genetic optimization algorithm. Finally, simulation results conducted by the MATLAB software are shown. The results of simulation gained through this system, show the capability of proposed controller under error conditions for controlling active and reactive power and also elimination of harmonics caused by non-linear load.

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