Determine the best location for Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) in Iranian Seas

  •  Ashrafoalsadat Shekarbaghani    


Two-thirds of the earth's surface is covered by oceans. These bodies of water are vast reservoirs of renewable energy. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion technology, known as OTEC, uses the ocean’s natural thermal gradient to generate power. In geographical areas with warm surface water and cold deep water, the temperature difference can be leveraged to drive a steam cycle that turns a turbine and produces power. Warm surface sea water passes through a heat exchanger, vaporizing a low boiling point working fluid to drive a turbine generator, producing electricity. OTEC power plants exploit the difference in temperature between warm surface waters heated by the sun and colder waters found at ocean depths to generate electricity. This process can serve as a base load power generation system that produces a significant amount of renewable, non-polluting power, available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. In this paper investigated the potential of capturing electricity from water thermal energy in Iranian seas (Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf and Oman Sea). According to the investigated parameters of OTEC in case study areas, the most suitable point in Caspian Sea for capturing the heat energy of water is the south part of it which is in the neighborhood of Iran and the most suitable point in the south water of Iran, is the Chahbahar port.

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