Exploring the Factors Affecting the ICT Technology Transfer Process: An Empirical Study in Libya

  •  ALI HASSAN    
  •  Yusoff Jamaluddin    


The purpose of this work is to develop a model that describes the international technology transfer (ITT) process of information and communication technology (ICT) from developed to developing countries. This paper is a part of an ongoing study aiming to develop a technology transfer model examining the embracing of a foreign advanced technology to the ICT companies as well as ICT-based SME’s projects in Libya. The past relevant TT models are reviewed with the intention of exploring and sort out the most ITT influential factors. The questionnaire that conducted recently in the TT process in the Libyan ICT industry was utilized to verify the model. Major statistical techniques are applied to analyze the survey received data. To establish reliable measures for the factors and sub-factors under investigation as well as to reduce their numbers, Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) was implemented. Furthermore, the goal behind using (EFA) is to combine these sub factors according to a theoretical conceptual. Several sub factors and items were dropped and the model’s factors were regrouped as TT government support initiatives, transferor characteristics, transferee characteristics, TT environment, and learning centers. In addition, the TT outcome (achievements) factors, are identified and refined, some items were discarded. The outcome of this analysis is the verified model for ITT in ICT projects, which includes a number of refined enabling and achievements variables.

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