Study Clastic Sediments and Evaporite Deposits’ Changes in the Sedimentary Core Lake Maharlou, Iran

  •  Abdolah Safe    
  •  Fatemeh Sabokkhiz    
  •  Mohamad Hosein Ramesht    
  •  Morteza Djamali    
  •  Abdolmajid Naderi Beni    


The continental environments, lakes are proper for deposition locations of evaporites. Evaporite minerals are formed wherever the evaporation rate is more than incoming water to the basin. In this article the evaporate deposits (Calcite, Gypsum and Halite) are studied in a sedimentary core of Lake Maharlou, Zagros Mountains, South of Iran. The core sample treated for getting Magnetic Susceptibility values along with the core as well as basic sedimentological data including grain size, Total Organic Matter and carbonate contents. NaCl is determin ed by gravimetric analysis. Loss on Ignition is applied to measure and estimate the amount of (OC), (Ca) and (SO4) mineralogy of which is determined by SEM method. The exists a direct relation between evaporation deposit formation of lake water level reduction. Accordingly, the change in the sediment stratum indicating the level of evaporations. The results indicate a lower extant of gypsum than Ca and NaCl. The sequence of layers principle, changes in the shoreline (lake water level fluctuations) with respect to stratum zonation. Magnetic susceptibility level is directly related to the Silt layer thickness but also there is an indirect relation with the level of organically rich sediments’ occurrence and abundance.

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