The Treatment of High Concentration Dyeing Wastewater with Pulsed Current Electrocoagulation

  •  Jun Wang    
  •  Hong Cheng Tan    
  •  Yong Liang Zhang    
  •  Yong Zhang Pan    


In this study, a small pulsed current electrocoagulation device was used to treat high concentration dyeing wastewater from a specific dyeing mill, and the effects of the electrode materials, reaction time, voltage, pH value, and aeration on the results of the treatment were examined. The results showed that under the following operational conditions: electrode materials were iron electrodes, time period was 15 min, voltage was 120 V, and initial pH was approximately 6, the removal rates of the COD, ammonia nitrogen, and color were 79.45%, 23.89%, and 87.50%, respectively. On this basis, a pulsed current electrocoagulation device, with a handling capacity of 0.5 m3/h, was used to conduct a pilot plant test for a period of one month. The results showed that the effluent quality (COD 1217.4 mg/L and NH4+-N 358.2 mg/L on average) of the high-concentration dyeing wastewater, whose COD and NH4+-N concentrations were 5328 mg/L, 595 mg/L, respectively after the treatment of a pulsed current electrocoagulation reactor, was superior to the effluent quality (COD 1400 mg/L and NH4+-N 450 mg/L) of the mill’s actual pre-treatment system (flocculation-anaerobic treatment-acidification), and fully reached the influent requirements of the subsequent aerobic treatment. The results of this study showed that pulsed current electrocoagulation reactors may be effectively used for the pre-treatment of high concentration dyeing wastewater due to the observed advantages, such as good treatment effects, small investment, and economical space occupation.

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