Transmigrant Farmers Adaptation to Rainfed Rice Field and Irrigated Rice Field in North Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi - Indonesia

  •  Eliza Meiyani    


This research is aimed to study the anthropology of transmigration, particularly on transmigrants' adaptation to different cultural background and environment of their new place. There are three analyzed variables in this research: the farmers' basic ability, culture (tradition), and motivation which might closely related to their adaptation capability in a new location. This is a quantitative research and it was conducted in Malangke District, North Luwu Regency, South Sulawesi. Multi-stage cluster random sampling was used as the sampling method. There were 400 samples taken in this study which consist of 200 farmers of rainfed ricefield and 200 farmers of irrigated rice field. The data was taken by conducting several interviews which are based on a question list and observation. Then the data was analyzed using factor (main component) analysis, path analysis, and product-moment correlation analysis. The result shows that transmigrants' adaptation capability is not influenced only by the new physical environment condition where they live, but also their origin as well as the social, economic, and cultural factors that become parts of their life.

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