Economic Valuation of Oil Palm Plantation Investment in Swamp Area of Tapin Regency, South Kalimantan, Indonesia

  •  Hamdani Hamdani    


This study describes the companies’ feasibility determination on oil palm plantation investment. We also compare it with the oil palm plantation in swamp area, by considering economic, social and environmental aspects. We used total valuation method to valuing the environmental value of swamp area. Otherwise, investment analyzed by the model of benefit cost ratio (BCR), net present value (NPV), and internal rate of return (IRR). The study showed that the financial valuation of investment feasibility that is made and proposed by the plantation companies to banks (creditors), did not account the land value (economic, social and environmental values) of swamp ecosystems. The assessment on swampland value obtained Rp232, 570,833,400 or US$24,481 million per year for 10,000 ha area – US$2,448 per ha each year. Although the total value of economic environment is included in the valuation element of oil palm plantation investment in swampland, it still result insufficient value. However, by sensitivity analysis scenario of swampland plantation would become sufficient if the Crude Palm Oil (CPO) price is above US$1300 per ton. It also has a second scenario if the environmental cost can be pressed optimally into Rp9, 025,541 or US$950 per ha per year.

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