Preparation of CO Gas Sensor from ZnO Material Synthesized via Thermo-Oxidation Process

  •  Diah Susanti    
  •  Endah Lutfiana    
  •  Haniffudin Nurdiansah    
  •  Hariyati Purwaningsih    
  •  Lukman Noerochiem    
  •  George Endri Kusuma    


Carbon monoxide (CO) is poisonous to human because of its nature which is capable to bind to the haemoglobinin blood stronger than oxygen, so that causing toxication and even death. Therefore a sensor to early detect thepresence of CO gas is necessary. ZnO is one of semiconductor materials which widely applied as a sensormaterial. However, ZnO is rarely reported as a CO gas sensor material. In this study, ZnO as a sensor materialhas been synthesized by thermo-oxidation of Zn powder at oxidation temperature variations of 800, 850 and 900ºC. The synthesized ZnO was crushed and compacted to form pellet for sensor chip. The ZnO pellets were thensintered at 500 ºC. The material structures were examined using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), X-RayDiffractometer (XRD), and Brunauer-Emmet-Teller (BET) analysis. The sensitivity test towards CO gas wasconducted with the variations in sensing operating temperatures of 30, 50, 100 ºC and variation of CO gas inputconcentration of 10 ppm, 50 ppm, 100 ppm, 250 ppm, and 500 ppm. The sensitivity test results showed that thesensitivity towards CO gas decreased as the oxidation temperature increased. In addition the sensitivity increasedalong with the increasing of the sensing operating temperature and CO gas input concentration. Hence, thehighest sensitivity value was obtained from ZnO material synthesized at 800 ºC due to the highest active surfacearea of 69.4 m2g-1 with CO concentration of 500 ppm and sensor operating temperature of 100 ºC.Keywords: ZnO, thermo-oxidation, CO gas, sensitivity

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