Accessement of Wind Power Potential in Katsina State from Meteorological Data

  •  M. A. Balarabe    
  •  K. Abdullah    
  •  M. N. M. Nawawi    
  •  Fuyi Tan    


For the need to exploit and optimize the use of all available sources of energy in providing available power supply for industrial and economic development of the rural communities. Nigerian government has initiated some programs in 2005 to look into the potentialities of wind as a means for power generation. In order to complement this effort, surface synoptic wind speed observation data (2008-2013) from NOAA-NCDC for Nigeria was used to analyze the wind characteristics of katsina (13.007’ N; 07.661’ E; Altitude 05060.0 m; Air density 1.18 kg/m3). A modified form of an empirical relation for calculating wind power density and energy with height was proposed and uses to analyze site wind profile and the efficiency of electricity production for power generation in Katsina. The measurements have been performed for a period of 6years from January to December in order to cover all seasonal variation of the wind condition. The results showed that katsina falls under Class 7 of the International system of wind classification by recording annual values of mean wind speed extrapolated at 50m height to be in the range of 3.5-5.5 m/s, average power density of 160.6 W/m2 and an average of 29.6Kwh/year of energy can be produced for each month of a year respectively, making the site very suitable for wind turbine applications for power generation.

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