Enhancing the Properties of Mahang (Macaranga spp.) Wood through Acrylic Treatment in Combination with Crosslinker

  •  Aik Ang    
  •  Ashaari Zaidon    
  •  Edi Bakar    
  •  Shari Mohd Hamami    
  •  Uyup Anwar    


Macaranga spp. (mahang) was treated with methyl methacrylate (MMA) in combination with a crosslinker trimethylolpropane trimethacrylate (TMPTMA). Polymerization was carried out by catalyst heat treatment. A fairly consistent acrylic retention was found in the wood when treated with or without crosslinker. Polymerization of MMA is at maximum with 1% crosslinker and beyond this concentration the polymerization decreased. The dimensional stability in terms of anti-swelling efficiency (ASE) was determined and found to be improved on treatment. Water absorption was also found to be decreased considerably for treated wood. Mechanical strength in terms of modulus of rupture (MOR), compressive stress and hardness were improved, but the stiffness (modulus of elasticity) did not change. In terms of specific strength (strength to density ratio), the treated material is less stiffer and less strength in lateral direction compared to untreated wood. However, the specific compressive strength perpendicular to the grain and hardness of the treated material were superior compared with the untreated.  

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