Feature Extraction Optimization with Combination 2D-Discrete Wavelet Transform and Gray Level Co-Occurrence Matrix for Classifying Normal and Abnormal Breast Tumors

  •  Lulu M. Wisudawati    
  •  Sarifuddin Madenda    
  •  Eri P. Wibowo    
  •  Arman A. Abdullah    


Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide among women. According to GLOBOCAN Data, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), in 2012 there were 14.067.894 new cases of cancer and 8.201.575 deaths from cancer worldwide (Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia [KemenkesRI], 2015). Mammography is the most common and effective technique for detecting breast tumors. However, mammograms have poor image quality with low contrast. A Computer-Aided Detection (CAD) system has been developed to help radiologists effectively detect lesions on mammograms that indicate the presence of breast tumor. The feature extraction method in the CAD system is an important part of getting high accuracy results in classifying normal and abnormal breast tumors. By using the combination of 2D-Discrete wavelet transform and Gray-Level Co-Occurrence Matrix (GLCM) obtained an accuracy value of 100% on MIAS and UDIAT Database in classifying the presence of masses in the mammogram image and obtained an accuracy value of 93.8% for classifying normal, benign, and malignant. The proposed method has the potential to identify the presence of masses in the mammogram image as a decision support system to the radiologist.

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