3D Stereo Reconstruction of SEM Images

  •  J. C. Henao-Londoño    
  •  J. C. Riaño-Rojas    
  •  J. B. Gómez-Mendoza    
  •  E. Restrepo-Parra    


In this work is proposed a new fully automated methodology using computer vision and dynamic programming to obtain a 3D reconstruction model of surfaces using scanning electron microscope (SEM) images based on stereovision. The horizontal stereo matching step is done with a robust and efficient algorithm based on semi-global matching. The cost function used in this study is very simple since the brightness and contrast change of corresponding pixels is negligible for the small tilt involved in stereo SEM. It is used a sum of absolute differences (SAD) over a variable pixel size window. Since it relies on dynamic programming, the matching algorithm uses an occlusion parameter which penalizes large depth discontinuities and, in practice, smooths the disparity map and the corresponding reconstructed surface. This step yields a disparity map, i.e. the differences between the horizontal coordinates of the matching points in the stereo images. The horizontal disparity map is finally converted into heights according to the SEM acquisition parameters: tilt angle, image magnification and pixel size. A validation test was first performed using as reference a microscopic grid with manufacturer specifications. Finally, with the 3D model are proposed some applications in materials science as roughness parameters estimation and wear measurements.

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