A Review of Literature on the Associations among Employee Empowerment, Work Engagement and Employee Performance

  •  Rand Al-Dmour    
  •  Omayma Yassine    
  •  Ra’ed Masa’deh    


This paper is concerned with reviewing the concepts of employee empowerment, work engagement, and workforce performance. A historical overview of employee empowerment is addressed at the beginning to provide the reader with an initial understanding of the concept. Then, work engagement and employee performance concepts are reviewed deeply. Also, the links among employee empowerment, work engagement, and employee (workforce) performance are discussed through theoretical and empirical studies. This study will be useful for both academia and practitioners as to fill the gap of the incomplete causal chains among the three concepts.    

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