Observing the Accused Person Interrogation Rights in Pretrial Period in Iran’s Law and the International Charter of Human Rights

  •  Feizollah Salehi Taebloo    
  •  Manuchehr Tavassoli Naini    


The culprit is one of the fixed parties in penal judgments and because he is to be stood before the social rights with the support of the prosecutor he enjoys a vulnerable judicial standpoint. The person being charged with a crime or an offence faces the judicial system in the preliminary investigation stage, in other words, pretrial stage. In this stage the culprit, due to the fact that has not been convicted to any crime, he has to undergo interrogation and investigation based on the acquittal principle and preservation of the human prestige and credit. Interrogating the culprit is the main axiom of the pretrial period and it is possible that the culprits be exposed to torture and inhumane behaviors as a result of their rights being ignored and their human dignity being refused by the interrogating bodies. Therefore, the accused person should be enjoying the rights and liberties under the shade of the fair judgment. On the other hand, fair judgment is not intended solely for safeguarding the accused person’s defense rights, rather a just proceeding in its exact meaning is seeking to serve the preservation and supporting the rights and the liberties of all of the individuals who somehow share the legal procedure process. Observing a fair procedure should not be taken as to mean leniency for any single one person, rather observing such principles in the proceedings causes the humanity aspect of the parties not to be underestimated and justice and fairness can be implemented and served regarding their rights.

In the present article because it is carried out in humanities realm we have tried to make use of an analytical-descriptive method through the use of the international charter of human rights and requirements and the constitutional laws in Iran and this is while the accused individual rights in the pretrial period has also been enumerated and elucidated on and then we deal with the survey of the Iran’s judicial system and the international charter of human rights regarding the methods of keeping a hold onto such rules and regulations and consequently we will figure that in both of the described systems it has been frequently emphasized on observing the accused person’s rights in the majority of the cases in this period and there has been criminal enforcement mandates for it.

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