Investigation of Crisis Management Structure of the Selected Countries with an Emphasis on Natural Disasters Using Multi-Case Study Method

  •  Ali Afzali    
  •  Daryush Shojaei    


Since Iran is regarded as a high risky country in terms of natural disasters, it is essential to pay attention to the crisis management agendas. One of the approaches used for disaster management is a community-based approach. This paper aims to take a positive step in direction of optimal disaster management, by studying and investigating the disaster management structures of both developed and developing countries in terms of climate and occurrence of disaster similarities between target countries (U.S.A, Canada, Japan, turkey, India, Pakistan) and Islamic republic of Iran, by adopting the comparative study method. The findings indicate that there is an authenticity between type and extent of development and decentralized structure of the disaster management; as a result the decentralized structure provides a required arena for comprehensive participation at various levels. The social capability subjected to the dangers will be increased in confronting disasters and society recover to the prior state will be boosted, if authorities can establish a balance between provincial, city, district and rural capacities and potentials usage of Iran and planning in all cycles of disaster management and decentralized structure.

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