Analyzing the Legal Dimensions of Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle in the International Law

  •  Reza Mousazadeh    
  •  Abbas Basiri    
  •  Mojtaba Babaee    
  •  Ali Tavakoli Tabasi    


The concept of manufacturing unmanned aircrafts developed before the Second World War. However after World War ΙΙ, the use of these aircrafts in aerial identification missions increased. In the recent decade, unmanned combat aerial vehicles used in order to identify and attack enemies in a direct manner. Unlike Classic wars, the future armed conflicts will focus on the use of military robots that have the ability to fight with robotic armaments which are 1000 kilometers distant from the battlefield and controlled by a person or function in an independent manner. According to the article 36 of the first protocol, each country should be informed about the legal principles of using different forms of robotic armaments such as unmanned combat aerial vehicles. In other words, no specific article or provision has been defined in the international law regarding the inhibition or restriction of manufacturing and developing these armaments. Although according to weapons law, these armaments don’t violate the principle of international law and they don’t threat human right. As a result any use of these unmanned combat aerial vehicles is not illegal. However, it is unlikely that using advanced remote/ robotic armaments be legal or don’t violate the principles of humanitarian law.

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