•  Hassan Hassani    


Although some concepts like negative and positive freedom are certainly considerable in the area of freedom; this paper argues to highlight what the researcher has called ‘pre-freedom’. For this purpose, it tries to clarify the concept of pre-freedom as a condition in which a person is related to other ones by primary ties. It is observed under the light of the fact that s/he does not conceive itself as a person who is being instructed his/her own social role. In other words, pre-freedom is the condition in which a person is not able to choose. It only imitates its leader and practice sheepish obedience of authorities. This person can, thus, be employed and exploited through three major techniques, namely the dependent identity, the doll of authorities, and the fragile security that the researcher attempts to explain them respectively based on various German thinkers such as Erich Fromm, Hannah Arendt, and Herbert Marcuse.

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