Criminal Profiling: Framing of Charges Upon Sexual Offences

  •  Muhamad Helmi Md Said    
  •  Haziratul Aqilah Huzailing    
  •  Vithiya Thevvi Paneerselvam    
  •  Sabrina Chu Soo Woon    
  •  Amir Redza Ahmad Fuad    
  •  Maryam Kamaruzaman    
  •  Maisarah Mustaffa    


In criminal profiling in cases involving sexual offences, the charges must be drafted with a great degree of precision. Every sexual offence has its individual elements that need to be fulfilled before a charge is preferred. There are instances where the defects in charges are rendered to be fatal to the prosecution’s case and instances where Section 422 comes to aid and cures the irregularities in the charge. The objective of this research is to identify the common features that render a charge defective in cases related to sexual offences, the effect of the defects. It also aims to analyse the courts’ approach to determine whether the particular defect is fatal or curable and suggest solutions in handling defective charges to achieve the ultimate purpose of ensuring that justice is served and eliminating any prejudice towards the victim accused. Generally, charges for sexual offences are rendered defective when the charge fails to specify the kind of act which constitutes the alleged sexual act and the related provision. In order to achieve the objectives of this research, qualitative research was conducted through library research, case studies and data analysis. The possible solutions to handle a defective charge would be to determine whether a particular defect in itself would cause a miscarriage of justice by misleading an accused and stripping off the rights of the accused to defend himself. Since the purpose of a charge is mainly to notify the accused, as long as the defect in the charge did not mislead the accused in defending himself, the defects are considered mere irregularities.

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