Traditional State Functions, Their Specificity and Types: Historical Review and Socio-Cultural Characteristics

  •  Valentin Ya. Lyubashits    
  •  Alexey Yu. Mamychev    
  •  Nikolai V. Razuvaev    
  •  Alexander V. Osipov    
  •  Natalya V. Fedorova    


The article analyzes the essence of the traditional state functions, their specificity and key differences in comparison with the activities and tasks of the modern state. Discussion of the differences and the argumentation of the types and specificity of the traditional state functions is carried out by the authors on the basis of systematization of various historical and legal studies, political and legal monuments. The article explains that it is possible for each traditional state to identify a number of special functions having historical and typological specificity and a specific historical characteristic. These special functions deepen and concretize the universal (general) function of the state, based on its purpose and thus embodying the essence of the state as a social institution. The authors demonstrate, in a specific context, that the functions of the traditional state as a “base core” form an affective and traditionalist orientation in public power; in contrast to the modern functions of the state, having a value-normative orientation and a goal-rational activity component.

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