Comparative Study of Salivary and Serum Levels of Vitamin D in Patients with a History of High Blood Pressure and Healthy People

  •  Hamidreza Abdolsamadi    
  •  Mohammad vahedi    
  •  Farnaz Fariba    
  •  Alireza Soltanian    
  •  Meghdad Zakavati Avval    
  •  Ali Hosseini    


Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is a major public health problem. Low vitamin D levels associated with adverse health consequences such as musculoskeletal health, cognitive decline and progression of cancer and death. The lack of vitamin D associated with major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes hypertension is considered. The ability to assess the general health, disease and treatment outcomes through saliva as a non-invasive, inexpensive and simple method of interest is located. The aim of this study was a comparative study of salivary and serum levels of vitamin D3 in patients with a history of developing high blood pressure and a healthy person.

Methods: This study was a case - control survey, in which 40 patients with high blood pressure were examined. The control group including 40 healthy subjects. Both groups were matched in terms of age and gender. After collecting samples of serum and saliva, the amount of vitamin D level samples were measured using ELISA method by electrochemiluminescence (ELC), and then analyzed the results using software SPSS 16 and statistical test including Chi Square Test, Independent-Samples, linear regression model, the Mann-Whitney Test and Spearman correlation coefficient.

Results: There was no significant difference in the mean serum levels of vitamin D among patients and healthy subjects (p= 0.588). In addition, there was no significant difference in the mean salivary levels of vitamin D between patients and healthy subjects (p= 0.833). There was no significant relationship between salivary and serum level of vitamin D in healthy individuals (p= 0.095). As well as there was no significant correlation between salivary and serum level of vitamin D in patients (p= 0.5).

Conclusions: This study showed that vitamin D is a measurable marker in saliva, but its analysis in saliva, may not be a reliable tool for determining the vitamin D levels.

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