Study of the Relation between Parenting Style and Attitude with Physical Activity, Diet Behavior and Health of Children (10-13 Years): A Descriptive Cross - Sectional Study
- Fatemeh Jahani
Background. Due to the significant and Irrefutable effects of parental style on children and the lack of a comprehensive studies on this topic, the present study aimed to study the relation between parenting style and attitude with physical activity, diet behavior and health of children (10-13 years).
Materials and Methods. This study is a descriptive cross - sectional study and conducted in schools located in Manipal and Udupi (Karnataka, India) during May 2017 to November 2017. A well designed questionnaire was administrated to children which included general information, along with physical activity questionnaire. The questionnaire also comprised of various other anthropometric measurements like BMI, MUAC, and Waist hip Circumferences etc. The data collected was subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS version 21. BMI has been calculated using anthroplus 1.0.4.
Results. The results of this study showed that there is a significant relationship between parenting style and diet behavior of the child (P< 0.001). Parents with stylistic dimension in both authoritative and authoritarian have more influence on child for food avoidance and food approach. Studies shows an association between authoritarian and permissive parenting style with food approach behaviors and child weight status of children. parenting style is not affected on Childs physical activity. 74.8% of variation in weight is explained by the independent factors like parenting style, Nutrient intake, Food group intake, Physical activity level, Anthropometric measurement, and child eating behaviour questionnaire. There was a significant relationship between weight and these factors at 1 % level (F=32.889, P< 0.001).
Conclusions. In conclusion, parents with stylistic dimension in both authoritarian and permissive style of parenting and parents with stylistic dimensions in all type of parenting style influences child physical activity. Parents with stylistic dimension in both authoritative and authoritarian have more influence on child for food avoidance and food approach behavior.
- Grace BrownEditorial Assistant