Retention and Task Shifting in Human Resources for Health through Data Mining

  •  Cheng-Kun Wang    


Human resources for health (HRH) are the backbone of the healthcare system, but a shortage of medical manpower and the misdistribution of human resources are critical problems in the rural areas of many countries till 2017. The shortage of medical manpower is a big issue between 2004 and 2013. Data mining of bibliometrics is a good tool to find the solutions for shortage of medical manpower. By analyzing 118,092 citations in 2,000 articles published in the SSCI and SCI databases addressing HRH from 2004 to 2013, we plotted the networks among authors in the field. We combine quantitative bibliometrics and a qualitative literature review to determine the important articles and to realize the relationships between important topics in this field. We find that retention and task shifting are the hot topics in HRH field between 2004 and 2013, and find out the solutions for these issues through literature review in later papers. The solution to the HRH shortage is to determine the motivations of health workers and to provide incentives to maintain their retention. Task shifting is another solution to the HRH crisis.

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