Shock Therapy versus Gradualism: The Central Eastern Europe (CEE) and East Asia Compared-A Review of Literature

  •  Quamrul Alam    
  •  Thanh Hai Nguyen    
  •  Namul Majumdar    


This paper reviews a numbers of policy measures taken by the governments in different countries from CEE to East Asia. The findings suggest that despite a number of discrepancies in the economic transition path and policies to support private sector development and SMEs from country to country, there are two distinct models: The Central and Eastern European “shock therapy” approach and the East Asian “gradualism” approach. The findings also highlight that regardless of the political and cultural context, in the early stage of economic transition process where institutional support and market conditions are not apparent, the state and public sectors play key roles. Despite of different levels of interventions, governments from those countries have taken some institutional measures in encouraging the development of private sector and capital formation, and enabling political flexibility and economic structural flexibility for the development of economic transition from centrally planned to market oriented economy. It is important to emphasize that no matter how those inventions are, but how the state can support economic transition and private sector development through political shifts and economic interventions. It could be concluded that the state has significant importance in encouraging capital formation and capitalist industrialization in CEE and East Asian countries

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.