Impact of Tax Revenue on Economic Development in Nigeria

  •  Uket E. Ewa    
  •  Wasiu A. Adesola    
  •  Etim N. Essien    


There has been conflicting preposition as to the extent of tax contribution to the development of Nigerian economy. This study is to determine the impact of taxation proceeds on the development of Nigerian economy. The study explored the impact of three tax income streams – Income tax from companies’ profits, income tax from petroleum companies profits  and Value Added Tax on economic development represented by Gross Domestic Product (at current basic prices) growth for the period 1994 to 2018. The study applied Ordinary Least Square statistical tool with the help of SPSS 20.0. The study revealed a positive relationship with a coefficient of determination of 99.2% of the variation in economic development attributable to the tax income streams studied. Also although the study revealed the existence of significant effect of taxes from companies’ profits and Value Added Tax on Gross Domestic Product Growth, there is little or no significant impact of taxes on profits of Petroleum companies on Gross Domestic Product growth in Nigeria due to restriction by Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries production ceiling on Nigeria’s production/sales and the global price shocks of crude oil over the decade. Also the study revealed tax payers apathy to tax payment and presence of tax leakages due to corruption and administrative inefficiencies by the tax authorities.

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