Economic Cost Analysis of New Energy Vehicle Policy -Empirical Research Based on Beijing’s Data

  •  Xuenan Ju    
  •  Baowen Sun    
  •  Jieying Jin    


In recent years, in order to improve Beijing's air quality and reduce vehicle emissions, the Beijing Municipal Government promotes the popularization of new energy vehicles through purchase subsidies, plate lottery, and driving restriction policy. However, the increase in the number of new energy vehicles and the increase in the number of vehicles travelling on roads have intensified the traffic pressure in Beijing. Traffic congestion has increased the emissions of motor vehicle exhaust in turn, resulting in higher socio-economic costs. Based on the actual data of Beijing, this paper quantitatively analyzes the economic cost of new energy vehicle policies by discussing the impact of current new energy vehicle policies on time, energy consumption and tail gas cost. Empirical results show that during the implementation period of the new energy vehicle policy, time cost and tail gas cost increase, energy consumption cost decreases, and the overall economic cost of the policy implementation period increases from 50 million yuan to 321 million yuan.

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