Fiscal Devolution and Human Capital Formation in Nigeria: Emphasis on Independent Generated Funds of the Three Tiers of Government

  •  Cordelia Onyinyechi Omodero    


The benefits of human capital in a nation are enormous and all encompassing. This study investigates the impact of independent generated revenue of the three tiers of government in Nigeria on human capital formation from 2003 to 2017. The purpose is to determine the effect of internally generated revenue of each level of government on human beings in the country. Revenue powers of three tiers of government in Nigeria are the product of fiscal decentralization being practiced in the country. Thus, Ordinary Least Square technique has been employed to perform the multi-regression analysis using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. The findings indicate that federal and local governments’ independent generated funds do not have significant positive impact on human capital development while the state government independent generated revenue exerts significant positive influence on human development index used as proxy for human capital formation in Nigeria. Therefore, the study recommends among others that the three levels of government in the country should strive harder to boost independent revenues for more adequate investment in human capital of the nation.

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