Modifying the ADM1 Model to Predict the Operation of an Anaerobic Digester Co-digesting Municipal Sludge with Bakery Waste

  •  Morris E. Demitry    
  •  Jianming Zhong    
  •  Conly Hansen    
  •  Michael McFarland    


Anaerobic Digestion Model Number1 (ADM1) was modified in order to predict accurately the impact of co-digesting bakery waste (BW) with municipal sludge (MS). BW is an industrial waste (300,000 gallons per day in USA) that contains a high concentration of organic matter (carbohydrates, low lipids and non-detected proteins). BW is an easily biodegradable substrate for creating a favorable microorganism growth environment, which enhances the biogas production needed for wastewater facilities. The modified ADM1 successfully predicted changes in pH, volatile fatty acids (VFA), propionic acid and methane gas production. The ADM1 outputs were compared to experimental batch reactor results of actual BW addition percentages in order to validate the model. Stability of the digestion process was achieved until the ratio range of 37-40% BW: 60-63% MS, and the digestion processes were inhibited at higher ratios of BW. This research provides an alternative to BW management through utilizing the BW to enhance methane production.

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