Chemical Speciation: A Strategic Pathway for Insightful Risk Assessment and Decision Making for Remediation of Toxic Metal Contamination

  •  Haruna Adamu    
  •  Leke Luter    
  •  Mohammed Lawan    
  •  Bappah Umar    


Industrial and anthropogenic activities have resulted in high levels of metallic contaminants in the environment, thus creating imbalance in the biotic and abiotic regimes of the ecosystem. This has remained as a stabbing problem in the mind of environmental and agricultural scientists, since metallic contaminants unlike biodegradable contaminants are persistent in affecting the biophysical population of our environment. This problem requires an insightful assessment before the best remediation option can be selected appropriately. In this paper, we present an overview of chemical speciation and its adaptations in environmental cleanup for achieving result oriented remediation technique.

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