The Beneficial Effects of SesaVitaTM on Lipid Profiles and Blood Glucose Levels in Subjects With Prediabetes and Mild-To-Moderate Hyperlipidemia in India

H. N. Shivaprasad, M. Bhanumathy, Ceyhun Tamer, G. Sushma, K. R. Raveendra, K. Venkateshwarlu

Abstract


Individuals suffering from Type 2 diabetes develop prediabetes before progression of diabetes. In case of prediabetes people, the blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not sufficient to be diagnosed as diabetes. On the basis of existing reports on Sesame extract, SesaVitaTM which is an herbal food supplement containing Sesame seeds (Sesamum indicum L.) extract may provide an option for management of prediabetes. The objective of this study was to determine the beneficial effects of SesaVitaTM in prediabetes and mild to moderate hyperlipidemia subjects. This randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study comprised of 13 female and 07 male patients with prediabetes and mild to moderate hyperlipidemia, aged between 18 and 65 years. Twenty subjects were randomized to receive SesaVitaTM (500 mg/day) or placebo along with therapeutic lifestyle changes for 6 weeks. The primary outcome was the measure of efficacy in terms of change in serum lipid profile and glycaemic levels on week 3 and 6. Secondary outcome measures include safety and tolerability evaluated by physical examination and clinical laboratory evaluations. Improvements in lipid profile and glycaemic levels were observed in SesaVitaTM treated group when compared with placebo and baseline. A statistical significant reduction was observed in low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels during week 3 and 6 when treated with SesaVitaTM extract. No adverse events occurred and all safety parameters were within normal ranges during the study. This study revealed that the treatment with SesaVitaTM was safe and well tolerated; may be beneficial in the management of prediabetes and mild-to-moderate hyperlipidemia.


Keywords


prediabetes; hyperlipidemia; Sesamum indicum; lipid profile; glycaemic level

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jfr.v2n5p104

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Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887(Print)   ISSN 1927-0895(Online)

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