Inhibition of Lipid Oxidation by MRP Antioxidant in Enriched Cooked Beef Patties with Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids

Carina Lorena Fernandez, Mario Anibal Sturla, Mirtha Marina Doval, Ana Maria Romero, Maria Alicia Judis

Abstract


The addition of n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids to foods is an emerging area of commercial and academic interest. However, the incorporation of n3 polyunsaturated fatty acids into food systems is potentially problematic due to their propensity to oxidize easily. The antioxidant capacity of MRP has mostly been studied in vitro, in fresh chicken, mutton and pork, and in precooked ground pork and beef patties and sausages. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antioxidant properties as well as the antioxidant effect of a preformed Maillard Reaction Product (MRP) from sarcoplasmic proteins/malondialdehyde, known for its antioxidant effect on water/oil emulsion and on lipid oxidation of beef patties when the level of n3 PUFA is improved. The MRP presented a high reducing power, a low phenolic compound content (9.2 mg gallic acid equivalent/g and 798.3 mg quercetin equivalent/g), and a minor DPPH and ABTS+ radicals scavenging activity (34 % and 23,5 %, respectively). All concentrations of MRP assayed inhibited hydroperoxide formation and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) production during refrigerated storage of enriched meat patties. The 3% concentration was the most efficient and exerted an 83 % and 85 % inhibition of peroxidation measured as peroxide value and TBARS, respectively.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/jfr.v1n3p128

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Journal of Food Research   ISSN 1927-0887(Print)   ISSN 1927-0895(Online)

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