Job Stress, Sector of Work, and Shift-Work Pattern as Correlates of Worker Health and Safety: A Study of a Manufacturing Company in Ghana

Collins Badu Agyemang, Joseph Gerald Nyanyofio, Gerald Dapaah Gyamfi


Worker health and safety must be viewed as a basic organizational policy and even a right. In view of this, the study sought to ferret out the extent to which job stress, sector of work and shift work pattern correlates withworker health and safety in a manufacturing company in Ghana. Using cross-sectional survey design, data were collected from 120 employees using purposive and stratified sampling techniques. Three hypotheses were testedusing Pearson Product Moment Correlation and Independent Sample ‘t’ test. A significant correlation was found between employee stress and worker health and safety. Thus an increase in employee stress will lead to adecrease in worker health and safety and vice versa. No significant difference was found in the level of health and safety among workers in the production sectors compared to workers in the non-production sectors. Thestudy established that employees who go through shift work will experience lower health and safety compared to employees who do not go through shift-work. The present study is one of the foremost research attempts onsector of work and worker health and safety with a comparative approach using sample from the manufacturing setting in Ghana. The researchers recommend that employers take necessary steps towards introducing a culture where a stress prevention plan exists and worker health and safety is prioritised. The researchers reckon this asnecessary step for policy implementation as worker health and safety policies are fragmented in most developing countries.

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International Journal of Business and Management   ISSN 1833-3850 (Print)   ISSN 1833-8119 (Online)

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