Job Satisfaction among Academic Staff: A Comparative Analysis between Public and Private Sector Universities of Punjab, Pakistan

Salman Khalid, Muhammad Zohaib Irshad, Babak Mahmood


Purpose- The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between various facets of job satisfaction
among university academicians in Punjab Province, Pakistan, and how these differences affect overall job
satisfaction of academicians in selected universities of Province Punjab.
Design/ methodology/approach- The Population for this study comprised of academicians working in
universities chartered by Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan. A total of 150 questionnaires were
sent to potential respondents chosen from 4 universities. A total of 108 usable questionnaires were returned
giving a response rate of 72 percent.
Findings- Results of this study indicate that a pay differential does exist between private and public universities
in Pakistan. Academicians in private sector universities were more satisfied with their pay, supervision, and
promotional opportunities than the academicians of public university. On the other hand, academicians in public
sector universities were found more satisfied with co-worker’s behavior and job security.
Research Limitations- This research is limited to the educational sector. Thus, the results cannot be generalized
to other industrial sector of the economy. This study needs to be replicated in other industries using the same
Practical implications- The study offers practical suggestions to the educational institutions and human
resource manager on how to pay, promote, retain and maintain equity in the organizations.

Full Text:



Copyright (c) 2011 International Journal of Business and Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Business and Management   ISSN 1833-3850 (Print)   ISSN 1833-8119 (Online) Email:

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.