Acoustic Analysis of /?/ and /ð/ Sounds in Pakistani English

Muhammad Asim Mahmood, Muhammad Asghar, Farhat Jabeen


This paper aims at discovering the nature and extent of deviation in the articulation of consonants in Pakistani English due to the impact of mother tongue. A detailed experiment has been carried out with the help of Praat to analyze the acoustic properties of /?/ and /ð/ sounds spoken by Pakistani speakers. The research reveals that Pakistani English has a distinct pronunciation pattern of /?/ and /ð/ sounds. This research is an attempt to provide a scientific justification to establish Pakistani English as an independent variety.

Full Text:



International Education Studies ISSN 1913-9020 (Print), ISSN 1913-9039 (Online)

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.