Study of pH System in Common Effluent Treatment Plant

B. Meenakshipriya, K. Saravanan, R. Shanmugam, S. Sathiyavathi


This investigation considers the study of pH system in Common effluent treatment plant (CETP). For this purpose, Perundurai Common Effluent Treatment (PCETP) is taken for study. Waste from textile industries is rarely neutral. Certain processes such as reactive dyeing require large quantities of alkali but pre-treatments and some washes can be acidic. It is therefore necessary to adjust the pH in the treatment process to make the wastewater neutral. This is particularly important if biological treatment is being used, as the microbes used in biological treatment require a pH in the range of 6-8 and will be killed by highly acidic or alkali wastewater. In PCETP, the wastewater is mostly alkali wastes (high pH). For this purpose, hydrochloric acid (HCl) is added to maintain the pH value from 7.5 to 7.8 to save the microbes used in biological treatment as well as to reduce the wastage of chemicals.

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