Biofertigation of Forage With Effluents From a Cattle Slaughterhouse Green Line: Impacts on Physical-Chemical Indicators of Soil Quality and on Production Biomass

Joaquim Jose de Carvalho Carvalho, José Maria Rodrigues da Luz, Jaqueline Henrique, José Geraldo Delvaux Silva, Raphael Bragança Alves Fernandes, S. S. Ribeiro, José Expedito Cavalcante da Silva

Abstract


Cattle slaughterhouses are potential causes the environmental impacts, as it require a large volume of water in meat processing, generate large effluents amount, and promote the Cerrado deforestation for animal husbandry. Therefore, we aim was carried out to assess the effects of the soil application of a green line wastewater from a cattle slaughterhouse in the Brachiaria brizantha growth. The M1 and M2 managements did not contain wastewater of slaughterhouse. The wastewater from the 3rd stabilization pond (M3 to M5), from reception box (M6 to M8), and manure (M9 and M10) were used in the biofertigation managements. The physical-chemical indicators levels did not show significant differences (p < 0.05) before soil preparation and after managements. However, biofertigation in the Cerrado soil can provide a mitigation of the leaching of fine soil particles and cations. In addition, maximum nitrogen dose of wastewater provided a higher leaf biomass productivity than commercial nitrogen. Thus, the fertigation with wastewater can reduce the use of water bodies to crops irrigation and the incorporation of new areas with native vegetation to the agricultural production systems.


Full Text:

PDF


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jas.v10n7p359

Copyright (c) 2018

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0

Journal of Agricultural Science   ISSN 1916-9752 (Print)   ISSN 1916-9760 (Online)  E-mail: jas@ccsenet.org

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.