Association between Efficacy of Self-Management to Prevent Recurrences of Depression and Actual Episodes of Recurrence: A Preliminary Study

Mayuko Yamashita, Hitoshi Okamura


The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between efficacy of self-management to prevent
recurrences in patients with depression, and actual episodes of recurrence. We divided 110 patients with
depression into a non-recurrence group (n = 60) and a recurrence group (n = 50), and compared the two groups
in regard to socio-demographic and medical variables, scores on the scale for the efficacy of self-management to
prevent recurrences of depression, and scores on the Beck’s Depression Inventory. The factors associated with
episodes of actual recurrence were tested with the logistic regression analysis, and the efficacy of
self-management to prevent recurrences of depression was extracted as a factor independently associated with
recurrence. The results suggested a statistically significant association between depression recurrence and
efficacy of self-management to prevent recurrences of depression. However, the results were inconclusive
because of the retrospective, case-control study design.

Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/ijps.v3n2p217

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International Journal of Psychological Studies   ISSN 1918-7211 (Print)   ISSN 1918-722X (Online)

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