Islamic Development Bank, Foreign Aid and Economic Growth in Africa: A Simultaneous Equations Model Approach

Daud Mustafa, Nor Azam Abdul Razak


This study is an empirical investigation on the role of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) Group through its foreign aid activities in contributing to the economic growth of African countries, especially the African Muslim Countries (AMCs). The AMCs, which is serving as the sample countries for this study constitute more than two-third of the IDB member countries from Africa. Therefore, this study provides empirical evidences from AMCs like Algeria, Burkina Faso, Egypt, Senegal, Niger, Morocco and Tunisia among others, on the impact of its development assistance (DA) on the economic growth of these countries using balanced panel data of six years average from 1987-2010. In order to accomplish the objectives of this paper, Simultaneous Equations Model (SEM) was adopted and Seemingly Unrelated Regressions Estimate (SURE) method was utilized for its estimation. In view of this, the findings from this study revealed that the DA of IDB has positive impact on the economic growth of AMCs through investment as the major transmission mechanism. Moreover, the impacts of the DA on human capital were more than that of investment and growth. This paper hereby recommends that the IDB should give more attention to these important transmission mechanisms, since they are among the expected gains of foreign aid to LDCs as theoretically advanced in the literature and empirically established. Evidently, this study is perhaps the first of its kind to empirically investigate the impact of the foreign aid activities of IDB in Africa, especially in AMCs.

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International Journal of Economics and Finance  ISSN  1916-971X (Print) ISSN  1916-9728 (Online)

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