Effectiveness of Anti-Smoking Advertising: The Roles of Message and Media

Yong Hoe Hong, Chin Hooi Soh, Nasreen Khan, Muhammad Madi Bin Abdullah, Boon Heng Teh


In the last few years, Malaysia government has put in a lot of efforts in order to reduce the number of smokers
especially youths in Malaysia. Unfortunately, the numbers of smokers are still increasing according to Global
Adult Survey Tobacco (2012). This survey was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-smoking
advertising message and media in Malaysia. A questionnaire was used as a research instrument in this survey.
The findings showed that the respondents are “neutral” on the anti-smoking advertising messages except for the
fear message. One-way ANOVA and independent samples t-test were used to test the hypotheses. The result
from independent samples t-test shows there is a real difference between gender and effectiveness of the anti -
smoking message. However, the result from one-way ANOVA shows there is no difference between ethnic
groups and effectiveness of the anti - smoking message. Besides, the findings also showed that the Internet was
the most effective medium to promote anti-smoking advertisements. In future, the comprehensive evaluation of
anti-smoking advertising effectiveness in terms of copy, layouts and appeals needs to be studied.

Full Text:


DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/ijbm.v8n19p55

Copyright (c) 2013 International Journal of Business and Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Business and Management   ISSN 1833-3850 (Print)   ISSN 1833-8119 (Online) Email: ijbm@ccsenet.org

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.