The Choice of Foreign-Market Investment Modes: An Empirical Analysis Using Transaction-Cost and Organizational Learning Frameworks

Thanh Tu Phan, Manh Chiên Vu


In this study, we explain the foreign firm’s investment mode choice between international joint-venture (IJV) and
wholly owned subsidiary (WOS) by analyzing its intrinsic characteristics related to its assets contributed and
experiences on host country and the uncertainty of the local environment. Based on the logit regressions of 6603
investment mode decisions made by 5802 foreign investors in Vietnam during 1988 - 2008, our findings were
consistent with transaction-cost and organizational learning frameworks. We find positive associations between
highly specific assets and the stock of experience of foreign firms with their choice of WOS; so negative ones
with their choice of IJV as investment mode. Also, the IJV would be selected in a highly uncertain context; but in
a favorable one, the WOS is preferred by the foreign firm.

Full Text:



Copyright (c) 2012 International Journal of Business and Management

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Business and Management   ISSN 1833-3850 (Print)   ISSN 1833-8119 (Online) Email:

Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the '' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.