Culture Shock: Causes and Symptoms

Stephen H. Miller, Nada El-Aidi


Culture shock has been a topic of research for many years because of its negative effects on both education and workplace.
Most international students and foreign workers experience culture shock yet little research exists which has investigated
differences in its causes and symptoms. This paper investigates the symptoms and causes of culture shock in different
nationalities and the moderating effects of demographic factors and travel patterns.

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International Business Research  ISSN 1913-9004 (Print), ISSN 1913-9012 (Online)

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