Automatic Recognition of Focus and Interrogative Word in Chinese Question for Classification

Zhichang Zhang, Yu Zhang, Ting Liu, Sheng Li

Abstract


Question classification is one of the most important components in a question answering (QA) system. When there are fewer features in a question can be used for classification, the interrogative word and focus in question are critical features. Most previous studies in question classification used heuristic rules to identify the focus and interrogative word in question. In this paper, a statistical method is explored to automatically label them for Chinese question using condition random fields (CRFs) model. The features for CRFs model are extracted from word segmentation, part-of-speech (POS) tagging, named entity recognition, and dependency parsing results. A knowledge base HowNet is also used. The experimental results show that the precision for interrogative word recognition is 98.97% and 90.85% of focus can be correctly recognized in a free available Chinese question data set.


Full Text: PDF DOI: 10.5539/cis.v3n1p168

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Computer and Information Science   ISSN 1913-8989 (Print)   ISSN 1913-8997 (Online)
Copyright © Canadian Center of Science and Education

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'ccsenet.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.