Back Propagation Wavelet Neural Network Based Prediction of Drill Wear from Thrust Force

Xu Yang, Hiroyuki. Kumehara, Wei Zhang


The fast monitoring of tool wears by using various Cutting signals and the prediction models developed rapidly in recent years. Comparatively, various wear forecast models based on artificial neural networks (ANN) perform much better in accuracy and speediness than the conventional prediction models. Combining the prominent dynamic properties of back propagation neural network (BPNN) with the enhanced ability of a wavelet neural network (WNN) in mapping nonlinear functions, a Back propagation wavelet neural network (BPWNN) is newly established to perform prominent prediction of drill wear. In this work, a multilayer BPWNN with wavelet algorithm has been applied to predict the average wear of a K10 carbide drill bit for drilling on a high silicon aluminum work piece. Mean value of the thrust force, cutting torque, and drilling depth, spindle speed and feed-rate are inputs to the network, and drill wear is the output. Drilling experiments have been carried out over a wide range of cutting conditions and the effects of drill wear, cutting conditions (spindle speed, drilling depth and feed-rate) on the thrust force and cutting torque have been investigated. Performance of BPWNN has proved to be satisfactory by experimental result. The accuracy of the prediction of drill wear using BPWNN is found to be better than using BPNN, and that BPWNN can learn the pattern faster compared to BPNN and could be used advantageously in online drill wear monitoring and prediction.

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Computer and Information Science   ISSN 1913-8989 (Print)   ISSN 1913-8997 (Online)
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