Transport Infrastructure, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth Triangle in India: Cointegration and Causality Analysis

Rudra Prakash Pradhan


The paper explores the nexus between transport infrastructure (road and rail), energy consumption (oil and electricity) and economic growth in India over the period 1970-2007. Using cointegration and Granger causality test, the paper finds a unidirectional causality from transport infrastructure to economic growth, a unidirectional causality from economic growth to energy consumption and a unidirectional causality from transport infrastructure to energy consumption. The paper at the end suggests that energy and transportation policies should recognize the transport- energy consumption- growth nexus in order to maintain sustainable economic growth in the country.

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Journal of Sustainable Development   ISSN 1913-9063 (Print)   ISSN 1913-9071 (Online) Email:

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