Socialism and Ecological Crises: A View from China

Yanjie Hou, Jie Xu


In this paper I try to figure out how capital logic caused ecological crises since capitalism developed. Furthermore I attempt to explore the relationship of capital logic and socialist countries. China, being a socialist country, is seriously bothered by ecological crises. I argued wether plan economy or market economy, when the government is deeply influenced by the lure of rapid economy growth, capital logic would dominate society, and ecological crises are inevitable. It is time for China to begin to implement controls on the market to improve ecological outcomes and rethink the concept of socialism. I conclude that ecological crises can be resolved, depending on whether China can move on from its traditional misunderstanding of socialism and make socialism redress the failure of the market. I make some suggestions, including Green GDP, restricted consumerism and narrowing the income gap. These may help to solve the current environmental crisis.

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Journal of Sustainable Development   ISSN 1913-9063 (Print)   ISSN 1913-9071 (Online) Email:

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